TEAS® Reading Practice Test

The TEAS Reading test will evaluate your skills in paragraph comprehension as well as informational source comprehension. For the paragraph comprehension questions you will be asked to read a passage of text and then answers questions about the text. On the informational source questions you will be asked to review a graphic or statement, and then answer questions about it. Start your ATI TEAS 6 test prep right now by taking our free TEAS Reading practice test.

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Question 1
The next five questions are based on this passage.

Compared to most of our country’s other Founding Fathers, Thomas Paine is essentially unknown. In fact, there are many Americans who have never even heard of him. Paine was born in 1737, the son of a corseter – a tailor specializing in corsets and other undergarments – and grew up in rural Thetford, England. As a young man, Paine worked as a corseter, sailor, and minister, but found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine and, as political turmoil engulfed the colonies, he became more prominent. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense that argued forcefully for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the war began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. These, in the midst of a bloody war, helped keep up the morale of the troops. Thomas Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”

Thomas Paine was an extremely talented writer; Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his work when drafting the Declaration of Independence. Later in life, Paine wrote other, highly controversial works. He was even exiled from England and imprisoned in France for his writings. In 1796, Paine did his part to inspire what would become Social Security. He suggested a system of social insurance for the young and the elderly in his last great work, Agrarian Justice.
 
Which of the following conclusions may logically be drawn from the first paragraph of the passage?

A
Paine was one of the Founding Fathers.
B
Paine was forgotten after his lifetime.
C
The Declaration of Independence could not have been written without Paine’s contribution.
D
Paine’s wide range of job experiences likely helped him develop his political opinions.
Question 1 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). The first sentence compares Paine to "our country's other Founding Fathers." From this statement we can conclude that he was one of the Founding Fathers. None of the other choices are directly supported by the first paragraph.
Question 2
The next five questions are based on this passage.

Compared to most of our country’s other Founding Fathers, Thomas Paine is essentially unknown. In fact, there are many Americans who have never even heard of him. Paine was born in 1737, the son of a corseter – a tailor specializing in corsets and other undergarments – and grew up in rural Thetford, England. As a young man, Paine worked as a corseter, sailor, and minister, but found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine and, as political turmoil engulfed the colonies, he became more prominent. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense that argued forcefully for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the war began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. These, in the midst of a bloody war, helped keep up the morale of the troops. Thomas Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”

Thomas Paine was an extremely talented writer; Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his work when drafting the Declaration of Independence. Later in life, Paine wrote other, highly controversial works. He was even exiled from England and imprisoned in France for his writings. In 1796, Paine did his part to inspire what would become Social Security. He suggested a system of social insurance for the young and the elderly in his last great work, Agrarian Justice.
 
What sentence, if added to the end of the passage, would provide the best conclusion to both the paragraph and the passage?

A
Unfortunately, not enough is known about Thomas Paine to call him a Founding Father.
B
Given Paine’s contributions to America, he deserves recognition as one of our most important Founding Fathers.
C
Paine was also an inventor, patenting his design for a cantilever bridge.
D
If Paine had received the recognition he deserved, he would have been seen as a much more controversial figure.
Question 2 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). Concluding sentences should summarize and contextualize, not introduce new information. Answer (B) nicely ties the last paragraph back to the first paragraph without introducing new information or opinions.
Question 3
The next five questions are based on this passage.

Compared to most of our country’s other Founding Fathers, Thomas Paine is essentially unknown. In fact, there are many Americans who have never even heard of him. Paine was born in 1737, the son of a corseter – a tailor specializing in corsets and other undergarments – and grew up in rural Thetford, England. As a young man, Paine worked as a corseter, sailor, and minister, but found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine and, as political turmoil engulfed the colonies, he became more prominent. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense that argued forcefully for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the war began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. These, in the midst of a bloody war, helped keep up the morale of the troops. Thomas Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”

Thomas Paine was an extremely talented writer; Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his work when drafting the Declaration of Independence. Later in life, Paine wrote other, highly controversial works. He was even exiled from England and imprisoned in France for his writings. In 1796, Paine did his part to inspire what would become Social Security. He suggested a system of social insurance for the young and the elderly in his last great work, Agrarian Justice.
 
The passage is reflective of which of the following types of writing?

A
Technical
B
Narrative
C
Expository
D
Persuasive
Question 3 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). This passage contains some opinion, but is largely informational, providing facts about the life of Thomas Paine. The author’s opinion doesn’t occur until the third paragraph (“Thomas Paine was an extremely talented writer....). Since the majority of the passage presents verifiable facts, we can say it is most reflective of “expository” writing.
Question 4
The next five questions are based on this passage.

Compared to most of our country’s other Founding Fathers, Thomas Paine is essentially unknown. In fact, there are many Americans who have never even heard of him. Paine was born in 1737, the son of a corseter – a tailor specializing in corsets and other undergarments – and grew up in rural Thetford, England. As a young man, Paine worked as a corseter, sailor, and minister, but found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine and, as political turmoil engulfed the colonies, he became more prominent. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense that argued forcefully for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the war began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. These, in the midst of a bloody war, helped keep up the morale of the troops. Thomas Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”

Thomas Paine was an extremely talented writer; Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his work when drafting the Declaration of Independence. Later in life, Paine wrote other, highly controversial works. He was even exiled from England and imprisoned in France for his writings. In 1796, Paine did his part to inspire what would become Social Security. He suggested a system of social insurance for the young and the elderly in his last great work, Agrarian Justice.
 
The reader can infer that this passage was taken from which of the following?

A
A political treatise
B
A history textbook
C
A tourist guidebook
D
A historical novel
Question 4 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). Because the passage is informational and factual, it is likely not from a political treatise (too opinionated) or a historical novel (fictional). Between a history textbook and a tourist guidebook, it is more likely that the passage is from the former since the passage contains no information about specific places that would be of interest to a tourist besides the brief mention of Thetford.
Question 5
The next five questions are based on this passage.

Compared to most of our country’s other Founding Fathers, Thomas Paine is essentially unknown. In fact, there are many Americans who have never even heard of him. Paine was born in 1737, the son of a corseter – a tailor specializing in corsets and other undergarments – and grew up in rural Thetford, England. As a young man, Paine worked as a corseter, sailor, and minister, but found his true calling when he moved to the British colonies in America.

Paine first gained notoriety as the editor of Pennsylvania Magazine and, as political turmoil engulfed the colonies, he became more prominent. In 1776, Paine anonymously published a book called Common Sense that argued forcefully for American independence from Britain. The book’s popularity spread like wildfire; soon there were 200,000 copies in circulation. Once the war began, Paine published a series of pamphlets called The Crisis. These, in the midst of a bloody war, helped keep up the morale of the troops. Thomas Paine is also credited with conceiving the name “The United States of America.”

Thomas Paine was an extremely talented writer; Thomas Jefferson and John Adams drew heavily on his work when drafting the Declaration of Independence. Later in life, Paine wrote other, highly controversial works. He was even exiled from England and imprisoned in France for his writings. In 1796, Paine did his part to inspire what would become Social Security. He suggested a system of social insurance for the young and the elderly in his last great work, Agrarian Justice.
 
The description of the drafting of the Declaration of Independence in the third paragraph has what type of relationship to Thomas Paine’s writing?

A
Cause and effect
B
Compare and contrast
C
Problem and solution
D
Sequence
Question 5 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). The passage mentions that the Founding Fathers “drew heavily on his work” when drafting the Declaration of Independence. This means that Paine’s writing came first, then the Declaration of Independence followed. While one was influenced by the other, “cause and effect” is too strong to describe this relationship. It’s not as if Paine’s writing was solely responsible for the drafting of the Declaration. The relationship is sequential.
Question 6
The next two questions are based on this passage.

The Louis Lumière camera launched in Paris on December 28th, 1895. It was called the Cinématographe and it was the first camera manageable enough to bring out of the studio and into the world. Its competitor, at the time, was still confined to a studio in New Jersey and required several men to move. The Lumière camera weighed only 5 kilograms and could be carried in a small suitcase. An audience of journalists, theatre directors, and friends viewed the first show. After that, the public shows commenced.

Louis Lumière, often considered the founder of documentary film, was the son of Antoine Lumière, a painter who had turned to portrait photography, photographing well-to-do clients against backdrops he painted. Louis and his brother Auguste received a technical education, but Louis left school at an early age because of severe headaches, and took up laboratory work for his father. While still a teenager, he invented a new procedure for preparing photographic plates, which gave such fine results that the Lumières began to manufacture plates for others. Soon the family sold the photo studio and on the outskirts of Lyon organized a factory of plates. Louis designed and oversaw everything. By 1895, the factory employed more than 300 workers, produced fifteen million dry plates annually, and was a leader in photographic equipment. During this time, his father was semi-retired, spending his days painting, and the two brothers were consistently working on new inventions. Although they worked as a team on nearly everything, Louis was considered the sole inventor of the Cinématographe, having solved its problems during a night of insomnia in 1894.

The Cinématographe was not only small and light; it also had the miraculous capability of filming, projecting, and printing. This meant that an operator could serve as a complete production crew: he or she could be sent anywhere in the world to give showings, shoot new films by day, develop films in his or her hotel room, and show them to the public that very night. Because of this, the Lumière’s sent dozens of operators to film and present shows across Europe, Russia, and Great Britain.

Cinématographe’s debuts in London and New York were similar to that of Paris—slow at first, but eventually a shocking success. Cinema quickly became part of music hall programs and Cinématographe shows gained permanent residence.
 
Which of the following technological developments would most closely resemble the innovation of the Cinématographe?

A
A fishing boat that travels faster and on less fuel per trip, greatly enhancing the cost-effectiveness of fishing companies and the availability of fish in inland markets.
B
An automated clothing machine that fits in the back of a truck and can produce complete outfits in minutes from designs created on its computer, greatly reducing the time needed to create custom-tailored outfits for consumers.
C
A camera that can survive atmospheric re-entry, greatly increasing the number of pictures of outer space possible per taxpayer dollar spent.
D
A factory assembly line requiring only two operators that can produce luxury vehicles inexpensively, greatly increasing the market penetration of luxury vehicles.
Question 6 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The unique thing about the Cinématographe was that it could be moved and carried by only a few men. This machine is more portable, able to be run with fewer people, and makes its product more widely available. This is the closest match to the innovation of the Cinématographe.
Question 7
The next two questions are based on this passage.

The Louis Lumière camera launched in Paris on December 28th, 1895. It was called the Cinématographe and it was the first camera manageable enough to bring out of the studio and into the world. Its competitor, at the time, was still confined to a studio in New Jersey and required several men to move. The Lumière camera weighed only 5 kilograms and could be carried in a small suitcase. An audience of journalists, theatre directors, and friends viewed the first show. After that, the public shows commenced.

Louis Lumière, often considered the founder of documentary film, was the son of Antoine Lumière, a painter who had turned to portrait photography, photographing well-to-do clients against backdrops he painted. Louis and his brother Auguste received a technical education, but Louis left school at an early age because of severe headaches, and took up laboratory work for his father. While still a teenager, he invented a new procedure for preparing photographic plates, which gave such fine results that the Lumières began to manufacture plates for others. Soon the family sold the photo studio and on the outskirts of Lyon organized a factory of plates. Louis designed and oversaw everything. By 1895, the factory employed more than 300 workers, produced fifteen million dry plates annually, and was a leader in photographic equipment. During this time, his father was semi-retired, spending his days painting, and the two brothers were consistently working on new inventions. Although they worked as a team on nearly everything, Louis was considered the sole inventor of the Cinématographe, having solved its problems during a night of insomnia in 1894.

The Cinématographe was not only small and light; it also had the miraculous capability of filming, projecting, and printing. This meant that an operator could serve as a complete production crew: he or she could be sent anywhere in the world to give showings, shoot new films by day, develop films in his or her hotel room, and show them to the public that very night. Because of this, the Lumière’s sent dozens of operators to film and present shows across Europe, Russia, and Great Britain.

Cinématographe’s debuts in London and New York were similar to that of Paris—slow at first, but eventually a shocking success. Cinema quickly became part of music hall programs and Cinématographe shows gained permanent residence.
 
Which of the following describes the word miraculous as it is used in the third paragraph of the passage?

A
astonishing
B
paralyzing
C
unconscionable
D
preternatural
Question 7 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). The word “miraculous” as used in the third paragraph is meant to convey the extraordinary ability of the Cinématographe. Something like “astonishing’ would be the closest synonym.
Question 8
Reading1

A customer eating one of these prepared biscuits should probably limit which type of intake for the rest of the day?

A
Saturated fat
B
Cholesterol
C
Carbohydrate
D
Fiber
Question 8 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). The prepared biscuit has 30% of the recommended daily percentage of saturated fat. Since this is the highest percentage for daily recommended values of the percentages for prepared biscuits, this is the ingredient that should be limited for the rest of the day.
Question 9
The next question is based on the following passage.

For some, the poverty and deprivations of youth must be credited with the grandest achievements of adulthood. The poet Robert Burns and his brother were expected to do the work of men at the age of thirteen. He had some schooling before then, and must have improved during this time, for he could read and spell well, and had some knowledge of English grammar.
 
Which of the following would provide the best support for the claim made in the first line of the passage?

A
A young artist from a wealthy family receives the best education that money can buy, but still does not succeed as a painter.
B
A young writer comes from an impoverished, rural background, and receives a scholarship to university, but fails to make something of herself.
C
A child prodigy becomes a world-famous violinist before reaching puberty, despite growing up in a working-class household.
D
A playwright is inspired to write beautiful plays about the destitution and difficulties of his childhood, and becomes widely acclaimed as the greatest writer of his generation.
Question 9 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). This answer describes someone growing up in "destitution" (which is another word for poverty) and later becoming "the greatest writer of his generation."
Question 10
Reading2

What is the maximum weight this scale will measure?

A
115 lbs.
B
28 lbs.
C
280 lbs.
D
300 lbs.
Question 10 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). The label for 300 lbs. is just above the 0 at the bottom of the dial.
Question 11
“You want to be very careful about lying; otherwise you are nearly sure to get caught. Once caught, you can never again be in the eyes to the good and the pure, what you were before. Many a young person has injured himself permanently through a single clumsy and ill finished lie, the result of carelessness born of incomplete training. Some authorities hold that the young ought not to lie at all. I do maintain, and I believe I am right, that the young ought to be temperate in the use of this great art until practice and experience shall give them that confidence, elegance, and precision which alone can make the accomplishment graceful and profitable. Patience, diligence, painstaking attention to detail—these are requirements; these in time, will make the student perfect; upon these only, may he rely as the sure foundation for future eminence.” – Mark Twain
 
What is Mark Twain’s main point about lying in this passage?

A
Truth is mighty and will always prevail.
B
Not until a person has mastered the requisite skills should he or she attempt to lie in a serious manner.
C
It's important to learn to lie in a convincing manner.
D
It takes a lot of practice to become a good liar.
Question 11 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). In this satirical passage, Twain comments on the difficulty in successfully lying given the many difficult and required skills necessary to believably accomplish it. Consequently, any person wanting to lie should first master those skills upon which successful lying demands.
Question 12
"Friends and Fellow Citizens: Called upon to undertake the duties of the first executive office of our country, I avail myself of the presence of that portion of my fellow-citizens which is here assembled to express my grateful thanks for the favor with which they have been pleased to look toward me, to declare a sincere consciousness that the task is above my talents, and that I approach it with those anxious and awful presentiments which the greatness of the charge and the weakness of my powers so justly inspire." – Thomas Jefferson
 
What is Jefferson's point in this excerpt?

A
Jefferson is envious of George Washington's popularity.
B
Jefferson has no concern for public opinion. He wants only to do what is best for the nation.
C
Jefferson wants to retire with a good reputation.
D
Without the support of the governed, a leader cannot lead.
Question 12 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). With too much resistance from within the country, Jefferson could not be effective regardless of his skill as a leader.
Question 13
Chapter 8: European Politics

1. Scandinavian Governments

A. Danish

B. Swedish

C. Norwegian

D. _________

Examine the headings above. Which of the following is a reasonable heading to insert in the blank spot?

A
Finnish
B
Germanic
C
Celtic
D
Croatian
Question 13 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). While Scandinavia usually refers to Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, parts of northern Finland are also found on the Scandinavian Peninsula.
Question 14
The next question is based on the following passage.

Since rejoining UNESCO, one of our top priorities has been promoting literacy, with a particular focus on girls and women. To that end, quality providers of informal education have played and will continue to play a key role in decreasing the global adult illiteracy rate. We know that informal education can be more flexible and help reach adults who have long ago dropped out of the formal school system or who were systematically denied access to school. As the largest government donor to UNICEF, the United States is supporting efforts to support safe schools, and quality education for each and every girl and boy.
 
Which of the following is not something with which the author of the above statements would likely agree?

A
It makes sense to educate women and girls.
B
Women become empowered through education.
C
Formal education is better than informal education.
D
Women and girls should be educated.
Question 14 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). Look for a statement that is directly contradicted by the passage. The author says that “informal education” plays a “key role.” There is nothing to indicate the author thinks it is not as good as formal education. Only (C) is not logical based on what we know about the author.
Question 15
Reading3

On the thermometer above, what is the current temperature in degrees Fahrenheit?

A
20 degrees
B
-4 degrees
C
-20 degrees
D
-26 degrees
Question 15 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). Notice how on the Fahrenheit scale 20 is below the 0; that must mean 20 stands for -20 degrees Fahrenheit; each mark on the Fahrenheit side stands for -2 degrees. The red mark is at -4 degrees Fahrenheit.
Question 16
The student couldn’t help but smile when the teacher singled out her newspaper article as a signal accomplishment among the class’s final issue of the school newspaper.

Based on the context of the sentence above, which of the following is the definition of the underlined word?

A
exceptional
B
vague
C
tocsin
D
admonition
Question 16 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). The word “signal,” when used as an adjective, has the meaning “extraordinary” or “outstanding.” Answer (A) is the closest match to this meaning.
Question 17
Read and follow the directions below.
  1. Walk one block west.
  2. Walk three blocks north.
  3. Walk two blocks east.

Where is your destination compared to your original location?

A
Two blocks north, two blocks west
B
Two blocks south, two blocks east
C
One block west, two blocks south
D
One block east, three blocks north
Question 17 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). The easiest way to solve this question is to visualize the moves: 1 block left, three blocks up, two blocks right. The total distance from west to east is 1, and the total distance from south to north is 3.
Question 18
Reading4

If a student planned to take the LSAT in the year the test date fell closest to the end of June, how many days after the actual score release date could he expect the official score to be released?

A
2
B
3
C
4
D
5
Question 18 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). The year the test date fell closest to the end of June was 2008. That year, the actual score was released on July 3rd, and the official score was released July 7th, a difference of 4 days.
Question 19
The next two questions are based on this passage.

The vain queen worried that her magical mirror was lying to her when it told her she was “the fairest in the land.” She wanted to ensure her beauty never faded. She called several of her wisest advisors to her council chamber.
 
Based on this passage, which of the following is a logical prediction of what the queen will do?

A
Ask them for advice about her problem.
B
Command her advisors to go to beauty school.
C
Discuss the issue patiently with her wisest advisor.
D
Scheme against the lying mirror.
Question 19 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). The queen has a problem: she thinks the mirror is lying, and she wants her beauty to be maintained. Therefore, she called her “wisest” advisors together. Why would she want advisors? Probably because she’s hoping they will have some wisdom to offer her. There is nothing in the passage to indicate the queen is patient or scheming.
Question 20
The next two questions are based on this passage.

The vain queen worried that her magical mirror was lying to her when it told her she was “the fairest in the land.” She wanted to ensure her beauty never faded. She called several of her wisest advisors to her council chamber.
 
Based on a prior knowledge of literature, the reader can infer that this passage was taken from which of the following?

A
A limerick
B
A folk tale
C
A persuasive essay
D
A historical document
Question 20 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The style of this writing is most similar to a fairy tale, or a folk tale. It is not persuading the reader of anything, nor is it a non-fiction, historical text. A limerick is a type of rhyming poem.
Question 21
The next three questions are based on this passage.

A spacesuit consists of several pieces. The Hard Upper Torso covers the astronaut's chest. The arm assembly covers the arms and connects to the gloves. The helmet and Extravehicular Visor Assembly are designed to protect the astronaut's head while still allowing him or her to see as much as possible.

The Lower Torso Assembly covers the astronaut's legs and feet. The flexible parts of the suit are made from several layers of material. The layers perform different functions, from keeping oxygen within the spacesuit to protecting from space dust.

Underneath the spacesuit, astronauts wear a Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment. Tubes are woven into this tight-fitting piece of clothing that covers the entire body except for the head, hands and feet. Water flows through these tubes to keep the astronaut cool during spacewalks.

On the back of the spacesuit is a backpack called the Primary Life Support Subsystem. This backpack contains the oxygen that astronauts breathe during spacewalks. It also removes carbon dioxide that astronauts exhale. The backpack also provides electricity for the suit. A fan moves the oxygen through the spacesuit and life support systems, and a water tank holds the cooling water that flows through the Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment.
 
Which paragraph explains how astronauts are protected during a spacewalk?

A
Paragraph 1
B
Paragraph 2
C
Paragraph 3
D
Paragraph 4
Question 21 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). The third paragraph mentions how the Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment keeps astronauts cool during the spacewalk with water that flows through tubes along the astronaut’s body.
Question 22
The next three questions are based on this passage.

A spacesuit consists of several pieces. The Hard Upper Torso covers the astronaut's chest. The arm assembly covers the arms and connects to the gloves. The helmet and Extravehicular Visor Assembly are designed to protect the astronaut's head while still allowing him or her to see as much as possible.

The Lower Torso Assembly covers the astronaut's legs and feet. The flexible parts of the suit are made from several layers of material. The layers perform different functions, from keeping oxygen within the spacesuit to protecting from space dust.

Underneath the spacesuit, astronauts wear a Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment. Tubes are woven into this tight-fitting piece of clothing that covers the entire body except for the head, hands and feet. Water flows through these tubes to keep the astronaut cool during spacewalks.

On the back of the spacesuit is a backpack called the Primary Life Support Subsystem. This backpack contains the oxygen that astronauts breathe during spacewalks. It also removes carbon dioxide that astronauts exhale. The backpack also provides electricity for the suit. A fan moves the oxygen through the spacesuit and life support systems, and a water tank holds the cooling water that flows through the Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment.
 
Which part of an astronaut’s suit helps astronauts breathe properly?

A
Hard Upper Torso
B
Lower Torso Assembly
C
Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment
D
Primary Life Support Subsystem
Question 22 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). The final paragraph mentions this system as the one that “contains the oxygen that astronauts breathe during a spacewalk.”
Question 23
The next three questions are based on this passage.

A spacesuit consists of several pieces. The Hard Upper Torso covers the astronaut's chest. The arm assembly covers the arms and connects to the gloves. The helmet and Extravehicular Visor Assembly are designed to protect the astronaut's head while still allowing him or her to see as much as possible.

The Lower Torso Assembly covers the astronaut's legs and feet. The flexible parts of the suit are made from several layers of material. The layers perform different functions, from keeping oxygen within the spacesuit to protecting from space dust.

Underneath the spacesuit, astronauts wear a Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment. Tubes are woven into this tight-fitting piece of clothing that covers the entire body except for the head, hands and feet. Water flows through these tubes to keep the astronaut cool during spacewalks.

On the back of the spacesuit is a backpack called the Primary Life Support Subsystem. This backpack contains the oxygen that astronauts breathe during spacewalks. It also removes carbon dioxide that astronauts exhale. The backpack also provides electricity for the suit. A fan moves the oxygen through the spacesuit and life support systems, and a water tank holds the cooling water that flows through the Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment.
 
Which of these sentences represents a summary sentence for the passage?

A
A spacesuit is much more than a set of clothes astronauts wear on spacewalks.
B
NASA's first spacewalks took place during the Gemini program.
C
The Advanced Crew Escape Suit is the orange suit that astronauts wear during launch and landing of the space shuttle.
D
NASA is also looking at what will be needed on spacesuits for trips to Mars.
Question 23 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). Since the passage discusses all the different, important components of a spacesuit, the correct choice will likely mention the word “spacesuit” and impress upon the reader its importance. Answer (A) does this without bringing up new information, as the other choices do. A summary should stick to what information is already presented in the passage.
Question 24
An individual reading a book about the first emperor of China wants to find the first reference in the book to the Terracotta Army. Where should he or she look?

A
The glossary
B
The table of contents
C
The afterword
D
The index
Question 24 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). An index contains the page numbers in which a specific word or phrase is mentioned and discussed.
Question 25
Reading5

Which three income groups pay a combined payroll tax rate of more than 29%?

A
0-20, 40-60, and 60-80
B
20-40, 40-60, and 80-90
C
20-40, 80-90, and 95-99
D
40-60, 60-80, and Top 1%
Question 25 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). 20-40 pays 9.4%, 40-60 pays 10.1%, and 80-90 pays 10.2%. The combined percentage for these three is 9.4 + 10.1 + 10.2 = 29.7%.
Question 26
Read and follow the directions below.
  1. Imagine a deck of cards.
  2. Remove all four jacks and four kings.
  3. Add back in the red jacks.
  4. Remove the eights.
  5. Remove half the remaining cards at random.
Which of the following tells the number of cards now in the deck?

A
19
B
20
C
21
D
22
Question 26 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). A deck has 52 cards. Removing the jacks and kings reduces the deck to 44. There are 2 red jacks, so adding them back in makes the total 46. Removing the four eights reduces the number to 42. Divide that number by two and we get the final total of 21.
Question 27
The next two questions are based on this chart.

Reading6

Trevor has very fair skin and is planning to take a trip from his home in London to Miami. At minimum, by how much should be increase the SPF in his sunscreen?

A
20
B
30
C
40
D
50
Question 27 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). Someone at home in the UK with very fair skin should wear SPF 15-30. Someone with very fair skin in Florida needs an SPF of 50+. That means Trevor should increase his SPF by 20-35, a minimum of 20.
Question 28
The next two questions are based on this chart.

Reading6

Which of the following is true based on the table?

A
SPF 30 is not enough for a fair-skinned person to wear in Europe.
B
A dark-skinned person could wear less sunblock in the UK than in Africa.
C
An olive-skinned person should wear more sunblock in the Mediterranean than in the Caribbean.
D
Children should wear less sunblock than fair skinned people while at home in the UK.
Question 28 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). According to the passage, a dark-skinned person should wear SPF 15 in the UK, but SPF 15-30 in Africa. This implies that they could wear a lower SPF in the UK than Africa, if they wore SPF 30 in Africa and SPF 15 in the UK they would still be within these recommended guidelines.
Question 29
The next two questions are based on this passage.

A blood glucose test, or fasting PG test, is given after a patient has gone without food for at least eight hours. It's widely considered to be a reliable test, and it appears the results aren't affected by patient age or physical activity. Many doctors prefer this method of testing because it's easy, fast and inexpensive.
 
In this context, reliable means

A
noteworthy
B
benign
C
considerable
D
accurate
Question 29 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). The passage says that the test is “reliable” because “the results aren’t affected” by other factors. Most likely, doctors view the test as accurate.
Question 30
The next two questions are based on this passage.

A blood glucose test, or fasting PG test, is given after a patient has gone without food for at least eight hours. It's widely considered to be a reliable test, and it appears the results aren't affected by patient age or physical activity. Many doctors prefer this method of testing because it's easy, fast and inexpensive.
 
A fasting PG test is most likely used to

A
encourage the consumption of less sugar
B
identify blood disorders not detected by other tests
C
measure plasma glucose levels
D
save money on more costly medical procedures
Question 30 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). The first sentence describes the test as “blood glucose” or “PG” – it’s likely PG stands for plasma glucose, as plasma is a near-synonym for blood. Likely the test measures the amount of glucose in the blood.
Question 31
The next six questions are based on this passage.

Jonathan Swift’s dark view of humanity is expressed in his novel Gulliver’s Travels(1726). Swift believed that society, which is meant to protect people from inequality and injustice, actually encourages the worst evils, promotes immorality, and allows injustices to occur. In Gulliver’s Travels, Swift asks whether “civilization” is only an elaborate cover for the lowest forms of human behavior.

Swift raises this question through satire, a literary form which he brings to perfection in Gulliver’s Travels. Following in the great tradition of classical satirists, Swift uses Gulliver’s Travels to point out the underlying ridiculousness of the society around him. In one section of Gulliver’s Travels, for example, Gulliver describes his native England to the king of a land of giants. Gulliver talks enthusiastically to the giant king about the class system, laws, constitution, military glory, and history of his homeland. After carefully listening to Gulliver’s speech, however, the king proceeds to point out the many shortcomings of Gulliver’s native land. Gulliver is unable to come up with adequate responses to the criticism. He can only stand there in embarrassed silence as the king eventually concludes that the institutions of the human world should be condemned.
 
The author uses quotation marks around the word “civilization” in the first paragraph to convey

A
skepticism
B
wit
C
anger
D
studiousness
Question 31 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). Usually, quotation marks are used to convey sarcasm, or to question the typically accepted meaning of a word or phrase. Since Swift questioned society, it’s likely the author uses the quotes to convey Swift’s skepticism.
Question 32
The next six questions are based on this passage.

Jonathan Swift’s dark view of humanity is expressed in his novel Gulliver’s Travels(1726). Swift believed that society, which is meant to protect people from inequality and injustice, actually encourages the worst evils, promotes immorality, and allows injustices to occur. In Gulliver’s Travels, Swift asks whether “civilization” is only an elaborate cover for the lowest forms of human behavior.

Swift raises this question through satire, a literary form which he brings to perfection in Gulliver’s Travels. Following in the great tradition of classical satirists, Swift uses Gulliver’s Travels to point out the underlying ridiculousness of the society around him. In one section of Gulliver’s Travels, for example, Gulliver describes his native England to the king of a land of giants. Gulliver talks enthusiastically to the giant king about the class system, laws, constitution, military glory, and history of his homeland. After carefully listening to Gulliver’s speech, however, the king proceeds to point out the many shortcomings of Gulliver’s native land. Gulliver is unable to come up with adequate responses to the criticism. He can only stand there in embarrassed silence as the king eventually concludes that the institutions of the human world should be condemned.
 
The passage’s focus is primarily on

A
civilization’s weaknesses
B
Swift’s hatred for humanity
C
Swift’s depiction of human nature
D
the inspiration behind the character of Gulliver
Question 32 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). The primary purpose of the passage is to explore how Swift expressed his “dark view” of humanity in his novel Gulliver’s Travels. Answers (A) and (B) are too broad and extreme to be correct, while (D) is too specific.
Question 33
The next six questions are based on this passage.

Jonathan Swift’s dark view of humanity is expressed in his novel Gulliver’s Travels(1726). Swift believed that society, which is meant to protect people from inequality and injustice, actually encourages the worst evils, promotes immorality, and allows injustices to occur. In Gulliver’s Travels, Swift asks whether “civilization” is only an elaborate cover for the lowest forms of human behavior.

Swift raises this question through satire, a literary form which he brings to perfection in Gulliver’s Travels. Following in the great tradition of classical satirists, Swift uses Gulliver’s Travels to point out the underlying ridiculousness of the society around him. In one section of Gulliver’s Travels, for example, Gulliver describes his native England to the king of a land of giants. Gulliver talks enthusiastically to the giant king about the class system, laws, constitution, military glory, and history of his homeland. After carefully listening to Gulliver’s speech, however, the king proceeds to point out the many shortcomings of Gulliver’s native land. Gulliver is unable to come up with adequate responses to the criticism. He can only stand there in embarrassed silence as the king eventually concludes that the institutions of the human world should be condemned.
 
The passage implies that the giant king’s opinion of England’s laws and society is

A
one of hidden jealously
B
close to Swift’s own opinion
C
similar to the citizens of England’s
D
in line with the author’s own opinion
Question 33 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The example of the king is used to point out one way Swift used Gulliver’s Travels to highlight his own view of the ridiculousness of society. The king also believes England’s civilization has “many shortcomings.” Answer (D) is tempting, but we do not know anything about the opinions of the author of the passage itself.
Question 34
The next six questions are based on this passage.

Jonathan Swift’s dark view of humanity is expressed in his novel Gulliver’s Travels(1726). Swift believed that society, which is meant to protect people from inequality and injustice, actually encourages the worst evils, promotes immorality, and allows injustices to occur. In Gulliver’s Travels, Swift asks whether “civilization” is only an elaborate cover for the lowest forms of human behavior.

Swift raises this question through satire, a literary form which he brings to perfection in Gulliver’s Travels. Following in the great tradition of classical satirists, Swift uses Gulliver’s Travels to point out the underlying ridiculousness of the society around him. In one section of Gulliver’s Travels, for example, Gulliver describes his native England to the king of a land of giants. Gulliver talks enthusiastically to the giant king about the class system, laws, constitution, military glory, and history of his homeland. After carefully listening to Gulliver’s speech, however, the king proceeds to point out the many shortcomings of Gulliver’s native land. Gulliver is unable to come up with adequate responses to the criticism. He can only stand there in embarrassed silence as the king eventually concludes that the institutions of the human world should be condemned.
 
When discussing Swift’s views, the author’s tone in the passage could best be described as

A
admiring
B
critical
C
impatient
D
neutral
Question 34 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). While Swift is critical of England’s society, the author of the passage itself does not present his own point of view. Therefore, the passage could be described as having a neutral tone.
Question 35
The next six questions are based on this passage.

Jonathan Swift’s dark view of humanity is expressed in his novel Gulliver’s Travels(1726). Swift believed that society, which is meant to protect people from inequality and injustice, actually encourages the worst evils, promotes immorality, and allows injustices to occur. In Gulliver’s Travels, Swift asks whether “civilization” is only an elaborate cover for the lowest forms of human behavior.

Swift raises this question through satire, a literary form which he brings to perfection in Gulliver’s Travels. Following in the great tradition of classical satirists, Swift uses Gulliver’s Travels to point out the underlying ridiculousness of the society around him. In one section of Gulliver’s Travels, for example, Gulliver describes his native England to the king of a land of giants. Gulliver talks enthusiastically to the giant king about the class system, laws, constitution, military glory, and history of his homeland. After carefully listening to Gulliver’s speech, however, the king proceeds to point out the many shortcomings of Gulliver’s native land. Gulliver is unable to come up with adequate responses to the criticism. He can only stand there in embarrassed silence as the king eventually concludes that the institutions of the human world should be condemned.
 
Which of the following questions is NOT answered in the passage?

A
What is Gulliver’s response to the giant king’s criticisms of England?
B
What did Swift believe about the true nature of society?
C
What did Swift consider to be the lowest forms of human behavior?
D
How does Gulliver describe his native England to the giant king?
Question 35 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). The passage does not go into details of what Swift believes was the lowest forms of human behavior.
Question 36
The next six questions are based on this passage.

Jonathan Swift’s dark view of humanity is expressed in his novel Gulliver’s Travels(1726). Swift believed that society, which is meant to protect people from inequality and injustice, actually encourages the worst evils, promotes immorality, and allows injustices to occur. In Gulliver’s Travels, Swift asks whether “civilization” is only an elaborate cover for the lowest forms of human behavior.

Swift raises this question through satire, a literary form which he brings to perfection in Gulliver’s Travels. Following in the great tradition of classical satirists, Swift uses Gulliver’s Travels to point out the underlying ridiculousness of the society around him. In one section of Gulliver’s Travels, for example, Gulliver describes his native England to the king of a land of giants. Gulliver talks enthusiastically to the giant king about the class system, laws, constitution, military glory, and history of his homeland. After carefully listening to Gulliver’s speech, however, the king proceeds to point out the many shortcomings of Gulliver’s native land. Gulliver is unable to come up with adequate responses to the criticism. He can only stand there in embarrassed silence as the king eventually concludes that the institutions of the human world should be condemned.
 
The author would most likely agree that Swift

A
was not involved with the English government
B
uses satire to poke fun at human folly
C
deliberately distorted historical facts for his own ends
D
believed that any attempt at human civilization should be abandoned
Question 36 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The most reasonable inference is the one that is closest to what is directly stated in the passage. The passage states in the second paragraph that Swift raised his questions “through satire” to “point out the underlying ridiculousness of the society around him.”
Question 37
A manual explaining the function of a machine is an example of what type of writing?

A
cause and effect
B
persuasive
C
narration
D
process analysis
Question 37 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). In a process analysis essay, an individual writes to explain how to do something or how something works. A manual is a type of process analysis.
Question 38
The next two questions are based on this map.

Reading8

A passenger is halfway between Buchanan Street and Queen Street. How many more stops would it take him if he took the underground to Partick rather than the suburban rail?

A
2
B
3
C
4
D
5
Question 38 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (C). From Queen Street to Partick there is only one stop in between on suburban rail: Charing Cross. From Buchanan Street to Partick there are five stops on the underground. This is a difference of four stops.
Question 39
The next two questions are based on this map.

Reading8

With an unlimited number of transfers, what is the minimum number of stops when travelling from Argyle to Kelvinhall, assuming trains run in both directions throughout all lines?

A
4
B
5
C
6
D
8
Question 39 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (B). The shortest route from Argyle to Kelvinhall starts on the suburban rail: Argyle to Central (stop 1) to Anderston (stop 2) to Exhibition Centre (stop 3) to Partick (stop 4). From Partick you can switch to the underground and take that to Kelvinhall (stop 5).
Question 40
A concerned citizen wants to make a noise complaint regarding a loud party taking place in a neighborhood park. To what city department should he or she voice his concern?

A
ethics commission
B
parks and recreation
C
city planning
D
police department
Question 40 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (D). Even though the noise is occurring in a public place, the citizen should make all complaints regarding a possible law violation to the police department.
Question 41
  • Gastrointestinal 797
  • Genetics 687-699
  • Glaucoma 543
  • Glycemia 530
In the book whose index is excerpted above, which pages probably contain the chapter on ocular degeneration?

A
600
B
654
C
689
D
725
Question 41 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). The chapter on ocular degeneration is probably going to be near the page on which glaucoma is discussed, page 543. Answer (A) is the choice closest to page 543.
Question 42
Reading9

Based on the blood pressure monitor above, what is this patient’s pulse rate?

A
73
B
82
C
130/82
D
130
Question 42 Explanation: 
The correct answer is (A). Your heart rate, or pulse, is the number of times your heart beats per minute. It’s the number next to the PUL abbreviation on the heart rate monitor.
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